Mahendra Singh Tikait was an Indian farmer leader from the state of Uttar Pradesh , India. He was born in 1935 at village Sisauli in Muzaffarnagar District of Uttar Pradesh . He was President of the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU).
|Name||Mahendra Singh Tikait|
|Bourn||6 October 1935|
|Died||15 May 2011 (aged 75)|
|Place||Sisauli, Uttar Pradesh|
|Children||2 Daughter and 4 Son|
|Son||Rakesh Tikait, Narendra Tikait, Surender Tikait, Naresh Titait|
|Positions||Head of Baliaan Khap , President of the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU)|
|Cast /Relision||Jat / Hindu|
Mahendra Singh Tikait was an Indian farmer leader from the state of Uttar Pradesh , India. He was born in 1935 at village Sisauli in Muzaffarnagar District of Uttar Pradesh . He was President of the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU).Mahendra Singh Tikait died in Muzaffarnagar on 15 May 2011 from bone cancer at the age of 75.Tikait had become the chaudhary of Baliyan Khap, at the age of eight after his father’s death.Tikait first became a big figure in 1987 when he organised a campaign in Muzaffarnagar demanding the waiving of electricity bills for farmers.
Activities and Contribution
Tikait was awarded the “title” in the 7th century by the ruler of Thanesar, King Harshavardhana for going to Baliaan Khap. The title ‘Tikait’ has been in use since the time of King Harshavardhana by the Chaudhary of Balyan Khap, with his name, right up to generations.
Head of balyan khap
Mahendra Singh Tikait, BKU Chaudhary (‘Headman’) was born in 1935 in village Sisauli in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. Four. Mahendra Singh Tikait inherited the Chaudhary of Khap Baliyan at the age of eight, when his father Ch. Chauhal Singh died in 1943. The Chaudharyship of Balian Khap has been rooted in his family for the last thirteen centuries. The Chaudhary of the Khap Panchayat may have a hereditary status. The Chaudhary Khapas enjoy administrative, auxiliary and executive powers over the villages.
Chaudhary is held in high esteem and his decisions are binding on his people. A resolution was passed at the Khap Baliyan Panchayat meeting held in Sisauli on May 12,1941 stating: “We will work with our body, heart and soul under the leadership of our Chaudhary for the great of our Khap. This gave the Khap’s Chaudhary the right to demand our lives. “Thus, the Chaudhary of the Khap Panchayat enjoys supreme powers.
The Messiah of the Kisan
Chau after the death of former head minisitter. Charan Singh, Chau. Mahendra Singh Tikait was the real ‘messiah’ of the peasants in western Uttar Pradesh. On October 17, 1986, he formed a non-political organization called ‘Bharatiya Kisan Union’ to protect the interests of all the farmers of India. In this way, he led many movements and as a result of these movements, many times, he was arrested and jailed, yet he is on thanks for protecting the interests of all the farmers of India.
Major kisan movements
The Karmukhera Power House Gherao in January 1987 to pressurize the government to consider to its 11-point charter of demands.
The famous Meerut March in February 1988, forcing the government to concede the 35-point charter of demands.The 110-day long Rajabpur Satyagraha in March-June 1988 when there was police firing on kisans during Rail Roko/ Rasto Roko Andolan.
The week-long Delhi yacht club Panchayat to project farmers’ demands as approved by the Inter-State Coordination/ Committee of Farmers Organisation.
Naiyma Lao Movement at Bhopa village in August-September 1989 (Naiyma, a Muslim girl was abducted and killed and therefore the police headquarters was gheraoed by the Union).
Delhi Fertilizer Subsidy Panchayat of two October 1991.The month-long Lucknow Panchayat of June 1992 for 7-point charter of demands including implementation of writing-off of Govt. loans of Rs. 10,000.Ghaziabad Kisan Land Compensation Movement (June-August 1992) to demand adequate compensation for farmers whose lands had been acquired in 1962, employment in government jobs for depandants of farmers and early disposal of compensations.
Lucknow Panchayat of July 1990 to protest against the Janata Dal Government in UP State because it did not meet genuine demands of kisans.Second Lucknow Panchayat of January 1992 to protest against the improved rate of fertilizers and hike in electricity rates, sugarcane supplies to mills and allied issues concerning sugarcane crop and TELCO land acquisition compensation issue.
The Chinhat Kathauta Panchayat of June 1993 to demand adequate compensation for Chinhat-Kathauta farmers for his or her acquired lands.Cattle Satyagraha of Sept.-October 1993 – the 7-point charter of demands, relief of Ramkola kisans, payment of sugarcane dues and writting off of loans upto Rs. 10,000 in Uttar Pradesh .The Dunkel Dunk or Beej Satyagraha of 1993, urging Government to not allow the Multi National Corporation enter the agriculture sector within the country.
During his farmers’ movements, Ch. Tikait was arrested several times, the newest being in February 2000 in Muradabad while on his thanks to hold a panchayat in Lucknow. He was also arrested (and then released in bail) in 2008 on the orders of Chief Minister Mayawati who alleged that Kisan leader used some derogatory language against her. In fact, an outsized battallion of police was sent to arrest him and Sisauli and other neighboring villages were sieged by police.